Perhaps not everyone will remember that in 2015 Microsoft launched Project Natick, which is the test of a prototype of a watertight data center capable of operating under the surface of the sea. It all started with an experimental prototype that was submerged one kilometer off the Pacific coast of the United States. The Northern Islands in the United Kingdom were chosen for the next phase. The data center consisted of 864 servers with 27.6 petabytes of storage, all of which functioned correctly for 2 years at a depth of approximately 35 meters.
The conclusion drawn is unambiguous, underwater data centers are an excellent solution and the reason is soon said. Although an underwater location might seem a bizarre idea, in reality the conditions in which these components operate should ensure greater reliability and more efficient management from an energy point of view.
The data centers of normal use on land are subject to various problems, for example they suffer from oxygen corrosion and are affected by variations in temperature and humidity, which is why similar components are made to work in environments where these parameters are strictly controlled.
According to Microsoft, an underwater environment offers countless advantages, primarily oxygen corrosion is reduced and temperature control is less problematic. Another data that emerged after the test period concerns the reliability over time of the submarine data centers, the favorable conditions made it possible to reduce faults by eight times compared to the counterparts on land.
Now looking at an intensive use of this solution, Microsoft's idea is to deploy these data centers in coastal locations, thus offering better local access to cloud-based resources. We leave you to the video in which the project managers illustrate the results of the test and the advantages found with the submarine datacenters, for further details we recommend you read the original publication (in SOURCE).
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